Manuscript Summary: The fast day Yom Kippur Katan has its origin in the holiday of Rosh Hodesh, which in biblical times marked the first day in the lunar calendar on which the crescent moon was visible after a new moon. This day, when work originally was not allowed, later, through the compilation of the Talmud, developed into a minor festival. The mystics of Safed in Upper Galilee turned Rosh Hodesh into a fast day and developed a liturgy based on penitential prayers for Yom Kippur ("Day of Atonement"). This gave rise to the name Yom Kippur Katan ("Minor Day of Atonement"). The new custom spread to Italy and finally on to Northern Europe.
Similar collections of prayers were particularly popular in the 18th century. In contrast to many others, this exemplar is decorated with an illustrated title page. If Judah Leib ben Meir of Glogau had not identified himself as scribe on this title page, it would probably be assumed to be the work of Aaron Wolf Herlingen of Gewitsch, since the style and the script correspond to his. For the time being, one can only speculate about the connection between Herlingen and the actual scribe Meir. (red)
Zürich, Braginsky Collection, B235
Parchment · 24 ff. · 14.4 x 90 cm · Pressburg, Judah Leib ben Meir of Glogau · 1730
Tefillot Yom Kippur Katan ("Prayers for the Minor Day of Atonement"), with Yiddish translation
How to quote:
Zürich, Braginsky Collection, B235, Front cover – Tefillot Yom Kippur Katan ("Prayers for the Minor Day of Atonement"), with Yiddish translation (https://www.e-codices.ch/en/list/one/bc/b-0235)