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Müstair, Benediktinerinnenkloster St. Johann, I Nr. 48b
Paper · 27 ff. · 10.6 x 16 cm · 15th century
Rorate caeli

This 15th century devotional book consists of 27 leaves. It contains texts for the Liturgy of the Hours. These are followed by the Litany of the Saints titled "Letania in der Vasten", which lists almost one hundred saints. Next there are intercessory prayers for the poor, for prisoners, for the sick, for pilgrims, for the deceased and others. Finally, there are prayers of praise and supplication, as well as a prayer for the veneration of the Holy Cross. (ack)

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Porrentruy, Archives cantonales jurassiennes, 187 J 35e
Parchment · 189 ff. · 24.5 x 17 cm · diocese of Besançon · 1st half of the 14th century
Besançon Breviary

This breviary, which contains only the winter part, is dated to the first half of the 14th century. It is from the diocese of Besançon (with which Porrentruy was also affiliated), as indicated by certain saints that appear in the litanies, such as St. Ferreolus or St. Germanus, the responsories for the Sundays of Advent, as well as the Holy Triduum. (gle)

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Schaffhausen, Konzernarchiv Georg Fischer AG, GFA 1/144.32
Paper · [4] + 218 pp. · 18 x 10.5 cm · 1743-1820
Memory album Christoph Fischer - Gedenk und Stamm-Buch, worinnen gute Freunde und Gönner mich, Christoph Fischer, von Schaffhausen, mit ihren beliebigen inscriptionen, sinnreichen Anbildungen, curiosen Gemählden und andern denkwürdigen Sprüchen be-ehren wollen. Angefangen den 18ten Iulij 1743.

This leather-bound album contains about 35 dedications and drawings by people with whom the coppersmith and wine merchant Christoph Fischer (1691-1770) from Schaffhausen was in touch during his lifetime. Based on the entries in Latin, German, French and English, it is possible to reconstruct two trips that Fisher took to London, during which most of the dedications occurred: 1747-1750 via Geneva, Lyon, Paris to London and 1758 via Strasbourg, Frankfurt, Amsterdam to London. Several entries are by members of the Schalch family of Schaffhausen, who were relatives of Fischer; among these is an undated watercolor by the artist Johann Jakob Schalch (1723-1789) (p. 122), who lived in London and Den Haag from 1754-1773. After Fischer’s death, the album was continued: entries from 1773 (p. 65) and 1820 (p. 215). Several pages of parchment (pp. 1-2, 19-20, 47-48, 115-116, 181-182) are bound into the paper manuscript, and several pages of paper were added later (pp. 39a-b, 55a-b, 147a-b) or were covered with pasted-on illustrations (p. 43, p. 125, p. 127). The entries are not in chronological order and alternate with numerous blank pages. (egg)

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Schaffhausen, Konzernarchiv Georg Fischer AG, GFA 1/144.35
Paper · [2] + 178 pp. · 19.5 x 12 cm · 1791-1841
Memory album Johann Conrad Fischer

This leather-bound paper manuscript with gold embossing (digits of the year 1791 in each of the four corners of the book) is the memory album of Johann Conrad Fischer (1773-1854), coppersmith, metallurgist, entrepreneur and politician from Schaffhausen. His cast steel factory, founded in 1802, developed into the current Georg Fischer Ltd. The album contains dedications and illustrations by about 70 people with whom Fischer was in touch during his lifetime, among them his math teacher Melchior Hurter (1735-1811) (p. 1), Professor Johann Georg Müller (1759-1819) (p. 49), the physician Johann Balthasar Zwingli from Zurich (1764-1817) (p. 164), the writer Heinrich Zschokke (1771-1848) (p. 175), Fischer’s great–uncle Lorenz Spengler (1720-1807), head of the Royal Art Chamber in Copenhagen (p. 43), and his son Johann Conrad Spengler (1767-1839) (p. 105). The majority of the entries are in German, French, English and Danish and date from his years of travel as a journeyman coppersmith in 1792-1795, when he traveled via Frankfurt, Chemnitz, Dresden to Copenhagen and on to London. Occasional further entries continue until 1841. The entries are not in chronological order and alternate with pasted-in pages (pp. 3a-b, 48a, 111a-d) and numerous blank pages. The numbering of the pages is from the time of the creation of the album. (egg)

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Schaffhausen, Stadtbibliothek, Ministerialbibliothek, Min. 2
Parchment · 261 ff. · 36 x 25.5 cm · Schaffhausen · 1080-1096
Bibliorum sacrorum pars secunda

Part of a complete bible in four volumes, three of which have survived (Min. 2, Min. 3, Min. 4), listed in the Allerheiligen Abbey register of books from about 1100 (Min. 17, f. 306v). Contents: Samuel, Kings, Chronicles. Written in two columns, by one hand, with numerous corrections on erasures. The initial I on the incipit page (f. 7v) corresponding to 24 lines, the F on the ornamental page (f. 10v) corresponding to 22 lines, and the initials with scroll ornamentation at the beginning of the individual books and prologues are executed in pen with red ink; their inner grounds are pale blues and greens, which differ from the rich colors in Min. 3 and Min. 4. Signs of wear and discoloration on f. 1r and f. 261v suggest that the manuscript remained unbound until it received its current binding in the 15th century. The wooden boards are covered with brown Cuir de Cordoue embossed with animal and plant motifs; the same motifs also decorate the perforated base plate of the two central brass bosses. (spe)

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Schaffhausen, Stadtbibliothek, Ministerialbibliothek, Min. 3
Parchment · 284 ff. · 36 x 26 cm · Schaffhausen · 1080-1096
Bibliorum sacrorum pars tertia

Part of a complete bible in four volumes, three of which have survived (Min. 2, Min. 3, Min. 4), listed in the Allerheiligen Abbey register of books from about 1100 (Min. 17, f. 306v). Contents: poetic books (Proverbs to Sirach), Tobias, Judith, Esther, Ezra, Maccabees. Written in two columns, by one hand, with contemporaneous corrections. Later marginalia and glosses by various hands attest to intensive use of the manuscript into the 14th century. The P on the ornamental page (f. 7v) corresponding to 15 lines and the initials with scroll ornamentation at the beginning of the individual books and prologues are executed in pen with red ink. As in Min. 4, their inner grounds are in rich blues and greens, which differ from the pale colors in Min. 2. 12th century Romanesque leather binding with decorative lines and two clasps. (spe)

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Schaffhausen, Stadtbibliothek, Ministerialbibliothek, Min. 104
Parchment · 149 ff. · 21.5 x 16.5 cm · Schaffhausen · 1080-1096
Hieronymus, Athanasius, Rufinus

This copy of seven hagiographic texts, to which a Vita Longini (f. 143v) was added a short while later, is listed in the Allerheiligen Abbey register of books from about 1100 (Min. 17, f. 306v); it is written in a single column and is undecorated except for a few initials with scroll ornamentation. The yellowish discoloration of f. 1r and f. 145v suggests that the manuscript remained unbound until the second half of the 15th century, when like many others, it received a leather binding with metal bosses and a clasp. As with Min. 19, Min. Min. 20, Min. 24, Min. 40, Min. 53 and Min. 55, fragments from a 14th century necrology of All Saints Abbey were used as pastedowns (f. I, f. 146). (spe)

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Schaffhausen, Stadtbibliothek, Ministerialbibliothek, Min. 107
Parchment · 151 ff. · 26 x 20 cm · Schaffhausen · 1080-1096
Vitas Patrum

This copy of excerpts from books 3 to 6 of the Vitas Patrum (Palladius Helenopolitanus, Evagrius Ponticus, among others) is listed in the Allerheiligen Abbey register of books from about 1100 (Min. 17, f. 306v); it is written in a single column and is executed by several rather unpracticed hands on rough parchment with holes and patched areas. Except for two initials with scroll ornamentation in red with pale blue and green inner grounds (f. 3r), the manuscript is undecorated. The discoloration on f. 1r and f. 148v suggests that the manuscript remained unbound until the second half of the 15th century, when it received a yellowish leather binding with decorative lines. Documents from 1414 and 1413 were used as front and back pastedowns, respectively; the watermark of the flyleaves (f. I, 149) can be dated to 1455. (spe)

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St. Gallen, Stiftsarchiv (Abtei Pfäfers), Cod. Fab. XXIV
Paper · 190 ff. · 33.5 x 20 cm · end of the 16th-beginning of the 17th century
Hans Ardüser

Ardüser’s notes begin in the year 1572 and end in 1614. His chronicle is considered an important source of political and social life in the "Alt Fry Rätien" of the time. Not until the 1870s was Hans Ardüser’s chronicle discovered and published by cantonal high school principal J. Bott from Grisons. A large part of the chronicle consists of reports about political events at the end of the 16th and the beginning of the 17th century. In his work Ardüser also mentions crimes and the execution of witches; among other things he reports about extraordinary weather events and consequent crop failures. From his autobiographical nots, which are recorded in the "Rätische Chronik" (Raetian chronicle) as well, it becomes clear that Ardüser was a gifted reader. We can conclude that he obtained his knowledge about all of these topics from written sources such as parish registers, circulating news bulletins, official publications and personal contacts to officials, returning mercenary soldiers or traveling merchants. (jan)

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St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 768
Parchment · 112 (113) pp. · 22–22.5 x 17.5–18.5 cm · St. Gall (?) · 10th / 11th century
Planctus beati Galli; commentary on Boethius, Opuscula sacra; Boethius, Opuscula sacra; Ps.-Beda, De septem miraculis mundi

This codex contains the Opuscula sacra by Boethius on pp. 59111, that is I. De trinitate (pp. 5970), II. De divinitate (Utrum pater et filius et spiritus sanctus; pp. 7072), III. De hebdomadibus (Quomodo substantiae; pp. 7277), IV. De fide catholica (pp. 7784), V. Contra Eutychen et Nestorium (pp. 84111), partly with glosses. Possibly parts were added in the 11th/12th century. Before that, on pp. 758, is a commentary on the Opuscula sacra I–III and V, attributed to John Scotus Eriugena or Remigius of Auxerre. On pp. 46, probably written by a 13th century hand, is the Planctus beati Galli, Inc. Quis dabit cineres, a lament about the theft of the treasure of St. Gall Abbey by the bishop of Constance. On p. 112, there is the De septem miraculis mundi by Pseudo-Bede. The mostly undecorated manuscript has an ichthyomorphic initial on p. 26 and an I-initial corresponding to 8 lines on p. 59. (sno)

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St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 852
Parchment · 208 pp. · 23.5–24 x 16.5–17 cm · 12th century
Cicero, De inventione; Rhetorica ad Herennium

This codex probably did not originate in St. Gall; it contains two important works of rhetoric: Cicero’s De inventione (pp. 3107) and the Rhetorica ad Herennium (pp. 107205). Here the latter work is divided into six rather than four books. There are numerous glosses by hands from the 12th to the late 15th or early 16th century. (sno)

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St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 865
Parchment · 204 pp. · 19.5–20.5 x 10.5–12 cm · 12th century
Publius Papinius Statius, Thebais

This codex contains the best-known work by the Roman poet Publius Papinius Statius, his epic poem about the war of the Seven Against Thebes (Thebais), along with metrical argumenta on lib. II–IV. Two quires containing lib. IV, V. 578 – lib. VII, V. 30 (between pp. 75 and 76) are missing, as well as a bifolium with lib. IX, 671–751 and lib. X, 5–84 (between pp. 128 and 129 as well as 132 and 133). The beginnings of the books and of the metrical argumenta (p. 3, 21, 40, 58/59, 92, 112, 132, 173) are accentuated with initials, partly in two colors (red/green). There are numerous marginal and interlinear glosses, mainly from the 12th and 13th century. On pp. 196197, probably in the same hand, is the Planctus Oedipodis, Inc. Diri patris infausta pignora (Oedipus’ lament about the death of his sons). The poem comprises 21 rhyming stanzas of four lines each, the first of which has neumes on a staff of four lines. This form of notation argues against the manuscript’s originating in St. Gall. (sno)

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St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 897
Parchment · 80 pp. · 13.5 x 9–9.5 cm · 11th / 12th century
Symmachus, Epistolae; apocryphal correspondence between Seneca and Paul

On pp. 273, this codex contains a total of 153 letters by Quintus Aurelius Symmachus († 402/403), a Roman politician from late antiquity; they are one letter from lib. IX, 10 letters from lib. IV, 44 from lib. V, 18 from lib. VI, 40 from lib. VII, 36 from lib. I and 4 from lib. II. Following the numbering of the edition MGH Auct. ant. 6,1, they are the following letters: IX, 142 (20); IV, 16 (17), 57 (58) – 60 (61), 63 (64), 66 (67) f., 69 (70), 72 (73); V, 3–5, 8, 13, 19 (18), 21 (20), 23 (22), 29 (27) f., 34 (32), 36 (34), 38 (36), 41 (39), 44 (42) – 47 (45), 49 (47) – 51 (49), 53 (51), 55 (53), 57 (55) – 60 (58), 65 (64), 67 (65) f., 68 (66), 70 (68) f., 73 (71), 75 (73), 77 (75) – 80 (78), 84 (82) f., 89 (87), 91 (89) f., 96 (94); VI, 3, 13, 17 (18), 22 (23), 28 (29), 31 (32), 45 (46), 47 (48), 55 (56), 60 (61) f., 65 (66), 72 (73) – 74 (75), 78 (79) – 80 (81); VII, 2f., 9, 11, 16, 19, 21f., 22, 25, 33, 44, 47, 49, 51–54, 56, 60f., 66f., 71–73, 78, 80, 85, 88 (87), 92 (91) – 94 (93), 98 (97) f., 102 (101), 105, 107, 109, 114, 117; I, 28 (22), 31 (25) – 34 (28), 36 (30) – 77 (71), 79 (73) f., 82 (76) – 84 (78), 86 (80), 88 (82), 90 (84) – 93 (87), 96 (90), 99 (93) f., 105 (99), 107 (101); II, 1, 3, 6, 8. Each letter begins with a red majuscule corresponding to two lines. The manuscript concludes on pp. 7379 with fictional correspondence between the Roman philosopher Seneca and Paul the Apostle. (sno)

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St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 955
Paper · 354 pp. · 21 x 14.5 cm · Upper Rhine/Rhenish Franconia area (?) · 15th century, more likely the first half
Composite manuscript of religious content with numerous spiritual theological texts and sermons

This composite manuscript likely is from Rhenish Franconia or from the Upper Rhine area and came into the possession of the Abbey of St. Gall in 1699, probably from the Convent of Poor Clares in Freiburg im Breisgau (like, for example, Cod. Sang. 985). The manuscript contains a large number of different sermons and mystical-ascetic texts, especially from the 13th and 14th centuries. Among them are, for instance, the treatise Von der Minne (pp. 719) attributed to Johannes Hiltalingen from Basel, the so-called sünde-version of the pseudo-Albert work Paradisus animae (pp. 6268 and pp. 195196), ten sermons passed down under the name of Bertold of Regensburg (pp. 70104), the interpretation of the Lord's Prayer Adonay, gewaltiger herre (pp. 109192), or the allegory Es ist ein hoher Berg (pp. 211250) attributed to Johannes Tauler. (smu)

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St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 1002
Paper · 483 pp. · 15 x 11 cm · 15th century
Humbertus de Romanis, De tribus votis substantialibus religionis in German. Jan van Ruusbroec, Brulocht in the Upper German tradition

This manuscript, which features two ownership notes from the community of sisters of St. Georgen above St. Gall (probably from the period around 1500) on p. 3, contains two spiritual texts from the 13th and 14th century, respectively. They are a translation into German of instructions regarding the Rule of his Order by Humbert of Romans, Master General of the Dominican Order († 1277) (pp. 5295), and an Upper German version of the work Die geistliche Hochzeit (Brulocht) by the Flemish theologian Jan von Ruusbroec († 1381) (pp. 296482). (smu)

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St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 1014
Paper · 370 pp. · 14.5 x 11 cm · Northern Bavaria (?) · around 1500
Collection of theological-mystical treatises and sermons in the spirit of the Dominican mystic and preacher Johannes Tauler

Around 1500, this composite manuscript of theological-mystical content, which may have originated in Northern Bavaria and have been completed in the area of Lake Constance, was the property of the spiritual community of Franciscan sisters at the lower hermitage (Untere Klause) of St. Leonhard, west of the city of St. Gall, which was dissolved in the wake of the Reformation. This volume contains more than thirty mostly anonymous sermons, treatises and excerpts of treatises of Dominican character. Among them are Eberhard Mardach's open letter Von wahrer Andacht (pp. 83116), a sermon by Johannes Tauler (pp. 129156), the treatise Liebhabung Gottes an den Feiertagen by Thomas Peuntner from the year 1434 (pp. 232237), excerpts from the Auslegung der zehn Gebote by Marquard of Lindau (pp. 238245), the beginning of the prologue and three chapters of the anonymous Theologia deutsch (also called Der Frankfurter; pp. 287297) that was published in print in its entirety for the first time by Martin Luther in 1518, as well as excerpts from a German version of Der Minnebaum (Arbor amoris; pp. 323331), which differs significantly from other manuscripts. (smu)

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St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 1276
Parchment and paper · 12 + 57 pp. · 33.5 x 23 cm · Joseph Leodegar Bartholomäus Tschudi (book decoration, perhaps the script as well) for the Abbey of St. Gall · 1738
Illustrations of the coats of arms of those killed in the Battle of Sempach on the side of the Austrian Habsburgs; painting of the Battle of Sempach 1386

This manuscript, with an imposing binding, bears the title “Schlacht-, Nammen-, Schilt- und Waappen-Buoch von denen noch bewusten Graffen, Freyen, Edlen, Ritter und Knechten, welche mit Hertzog Leopoldo II. von Oesterreich auff St. Cirilli den 9.ten Tag Iulij 1386 vor Sempach umbgekommen und erschlagen worden” (Book of the battle, name, escutcheon and coat of arms for the known counts, freemen, nobles, knights and soldiers who perished or were slain along with Leopold II, Duke of Austria on St. Cyril, the 9th day of July 1386 at Sempach). Joseph von Rudolphi (1717−1740), abbot of St. Gall, commissioned this copy in 1738, because, after studying the Chronicon Helveticum, the great historical work by the scholar Aegidius Tschudi (1505−1572) of Glarus, and a copy thereof that he had arranged to have made for his monastery shortly before from the exemplar at Schloss Gräpplang near Flums (Cod. Sang. 1213−1220), he had found certain discrepancies with an older copy of the “Wappenbuch von Sempach”. A colorful painting of the battle has survived as a sort of frontispiece on a parchment bifolio (pp. 6−7); it is similar to the painting in the Schlachtkapelle (“battle chapel”) of Sempach and, according to Franz Weidmann’s manuscript catalog (Cod. Sang. 1405, p. 2002), it was “von einem gar alten Kupferstich getreülich abgemalet worden” (faithfully copied from a quite old copperplate print). Apparently Joseph Leodegar Bartholomäus Tschudi (1708−1772), a descendant of Aegidius Tschudi, is responsible for the book decoration (p. V1). After extensive introductory comments, the volume’s rich ornamentation with the coats of arms begins with a portrait of Duke Leopold III (p. 34). (smu)

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St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 1365
Parchment · 110 pp. · 16 x 12 cm · commissioned by Abbot Otmar Kunz · 1574
The private prayer book of St. Gall abbot Otmar Kunz

Abbot Otmar Kunz’s (1564−1577) small format prayer book, with several pages of rich decoration (flowers, vines, animals), was written and illustrated in 1574 by unknown artists. Especially noteworthy are two full page miniatures. On p. 4, Abbot Otmar Kunz, dressed in ceremonial regalia, kneels in a landscape with a city, hills and trees, above him is God with the terrestrial globe and with his hand raised in blessing. On p. 10, the St. Gall abbot, dressed in a simple monk’s habit, kneels with Mary and John beneath the Cross of Christ. The prayer book contains (from p. 11 on) the so-called 5 Passion Psalms (Ps 22, 31, 55, 69, 109). These are followed by the 15 Gradual Psalms, the vigil for the deceased, as well as the 7 Penitential Psalms with the Litany of the Saints. After the death of Abbot Otmar, a scribe with the initials FVF added a prayer (pp. 105109); probably this was Brother Ulpianus Fischer from Überlingen, who joined the Abbey of St. Gall in 1583. In 1594, the former abbot’s prayer book belonged to St. Gall monk Georg Spengler († 1609), who was born in Wil. In 1599 the manuscript received its current binding with blind stamp decoration. (smu)

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St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 1767
Parchment · IV + 556 pp. · 55.5–56 x 39.5–40 cm · around 1500/1520
Graduale de tempore

Graduale de tempore, commissioned by Prince-Abbot Franz Gaisberg (1504–1529, coat of arms p. 1) and illuminated by the book illustrator Nikolaus Bertschi from Augsburg (initials, miniatures and borders with vine scrolls and animals). The banderole on p. 55, which ends with etc. 156, may give a (false) indication regarding the dating (1506 or 1516?). The chants for the Mass are written in German plainsong notation (“Hufnagelnotation”) on a five line staff. This codex is the largest of the St. Gall Abbey library’s manuscripts. Originally it was even larger; for re-binding, the pages were severely trimmed, as can be discerned from the folded lower margin on p. 1 or from the trimmed border on p. 444. Binding with heavy fittings on a red velvet background. (sno)

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Documents: 59, displayed: 41 - 59