Documents: 19

Sub-project: Codices Fuldenses Helvetiae

Start: December 2013

Status: In progress

Financed by: swissuniversities

Description: The early medieval library of Fulda, famous until the Humanistic period, was almost completely destroyed during the Thirty Years’ War. During the 16th century, a number of Fulda codices were brought to Switzerland to serve as sources for print editions produced in Basel. Because some of these manuscripts never made it back to Fulda, one of the largest groups of surviving Fulda manuscripts and fragments can be found in Switzerland, particularly in Basel. Moreover, several Swiss collections include products of the Fulda scriptorium that for one reason or another were never delivered to their destinations. This project, a collaboration of e-codices and the Institut Bibliotheca Fuldensis, will provide digital access to the Fulda Manuscripts of Switzerland, in hopes of providing new impetus for investigating this scriptorium and library.

All Libraries and Collections

Preview Page
Basel, Universitätsbibliothek, F III 15a
Parchment · 32 ff. · 25 x 19 cm · Fulda · 8th / 9th century
Isidorus Hispalensis · Register of Books of the Monastery of Fulda · Recipes · Blessings · Astronomic Tables · Jerome

One of the Isidore codices from the Monastery of Fulda; the codex escaped destruction because it reached Basel during the 16th century, before the abduction and destruction of the library during the Thirty Years' War. There it apparently was to serve as a textual source for a planned edition of Isidore’s works. This codex was created in Fulda at the end of the 9th century and still retains its Carolingian binding in a parchment cover. In addition to the works of Isidore, it contains the oldest catalog of the Fulda library, the so-called Basel recipes in Old High German, and an astronomic-computistic cycle of illustrations. (stu)

Online Since: 06/22/2017

Preview Page
Basel, Universitätsbibliothek, F III 15b
Parchment · 45 ff. · 26-27 × 19.5-21 cm · Northern England and German Anglo-Saxon areas (probably Fulda) · first half of the 8th century / first quarter of the 9th century
Ps. Isidorus Hispalensis, De ordine creaturarum . Vita Antigoni et s. Eupraxiae . Vita s. Goaris

One of the Isidore codices from the Monastery of Fulda; the codex escaped destruction because it reached Basel during the 16th century, before the abduction and destruction of the library during the Thirty Years' War. There it apparently was to serve as a textual source for a planned edition of Isidore’s works. In Fulda, it originated by merging an 8th century Northern English manuscript with a continental-insular text from the first half of the 9th century, probably written in Fulda. The codex retains its Carolingian binding in a parchment cover. To the extent that the texts contained therein are critically edited, the codex is considered among important textual witnesses. (stb)

Online Since: 12/13/2013

Preview Page
Basel, Universitätsbibliothek, F III 15c
Parchment · 64 ff. · ca. 26-26,5 x 18-19 cm · German Anglo-Saxon areas (probably Fulda) · second half of the 8th century — first third of the 9th century
Isidorus Hispalensis . Ps. Basilius . Cyprianus Carthaginensis . Gregorius Magnus al.

One of the Isidore codices from the Monastery of Fulda; it survived because it reached Basel in the 16th century, before the library’s destruction in the Thirty Years' War. There it apparently served as a possible textual source for a planned edition of Isidore’s works. The codex consists of several parts. A German Anglo-Saxon manuscript from the second half of the 8th century containing the second book of Isidore’s Synonyma was supplemented in the first third of the 9th century, probably in Fulda, with the first book of the same work by Isidore. Very early already, this was bound together with another item containing Admonitio ad filium spiritualem by Pseudo-Basilius as well as various excerpts, which probably were also written in Fulda around 800. (stb)

Online Since: 03/19/2015

Preview Page
Basel, Universitätsbibliothek, F III 15d
Parchment · 16 ff. · ca. 27.5 × 23.5-24 cm · Ireland · 8th century
Isidorus iunior Hispalensis, De vitiis . Consentius, De barbarismis et metaplasmis . Victorinus, De soloecismo et barbarismo

One of the Isidore codices (or Pseudo-Isidore) from the Monastery of Fulda; the codex escaped destruction because it reached Basel during the 16th century, before the abduction and destruction of the library during the Thirty Years' War. There it apparently was to serve as a textual source for a planned edition of Isidore’s works. The codex originated in Ireland in the 8th century and apparently retains its original Irish binding in a parchment cover. The grammar manuscript presents as its main text De vitiis (linguae), which it attributes to a Isidorus iunior, the Codex unicus. According to the editor, the text might have orginated around 500, perhaps in Spain, and is one of the sources used by Isidore for the first book of his Etymologiae; for the other texts contained herein as well, it is among one of the exceedingly rare remaining textual witnesses. (stb)

Online Since: 12/13/2013

Preview Page
Basel, Universitätsbibliothek, F III 15e
Parchment · 55 ff. · 24-26 x 15-17 cm · German Anglo-Saxon region (near Fulda?), Fulda and Mainz · 9th century; supplements until 10th century
Theodori and Theodulfus Aurelianensis ・ Ordo ad paenitentiam dandam ・ Ps. Augustinus ・ Hrabanus Maurus ・ Ambrosius Autpertus ・ Praecepta vivendi et al.

A composite manuscript from Fulda with texts primarily on the topic of repentance and asceticism. Similar to a series of Isidore-codices from Fulda, it reached Basel in the 16th century - possibly because one of the texts contained therein also survived under Isidore’s name; thus it escaped the abduction and destruction of the Fulda library during the Thirty Years’ War. The various parts and texts are written in Anglo-Saxon and Carolingian minuscule and originated in Fulda and its surroundings, up to Mainz. The leather binding, presumably still Carolingian, was much changed at a later time, especially due to the removal of the covers. Apparently in Basel, what had formerly been the first quire (Paenitentiale Theodori), in a markedlay smaller format, was removed from the collection. Today it bears the shelf mark N I 1: 3c‬‬. (stb)

Online Since: 03/17/2016

Preview Page
Basel, Universitätsbibliothek, F III 15f
Parchment · 13 ff. · 33-33.5 × 24.5-25.5 cm · England · first half of the 8th century
Isidorus iunior Hispalensis, De natura rerum cum additamento De XII signis caeli

One of the Isidore codices from the Monastery of Fulda; the codex escaped destruction because it reached Basel during the 16th century, before the abduction and destruction of the library during the Thirty Years' War. There it apparently was to serve as a textual source for a planned edition of Isidore’s works. The codex originated in England in the 8th century and retains its binding from the 8th or 9th century in a parchment cover. It is considered one of the most important textual witnesses of Isidore’s De natura rerum. (stb)

Online Since: 12/13/2013

Preview Page
Basel, Universitätsbibliothek, F III 15g
Parchment · 66 ff. · 27-27,5 × 19-19,5 cm · Fulda · first third of the 9th century
Isidorus Hispalensis, Sententiae (liber I-II)

One of the Isidore codices from the Monastery of Fulda; the codex escaped destruction because it reached Basel during the 16th century, before the abduction and destruction of the library during the Thirty Years' War. There it apparently served as a possible textual source for a planned edition of Isidore’s works. The codex was produced in Fulda in the first third of the 9th century and clearly still retains its Carolingian binding of wooden boards covered in brown leather with scudding decoration. (stb)

Online Since: 06/25/2015

Preview Page
Basel, Universitätsbibliothek, F III 15l
Parchment · 20 ff. · 29,5-30 × 22-23 cm · Anglo-Saxon center (on the continent? in England?) · first half of the 8th century
Isidorus Hispalensis, Differentiarum liber . Gennadius Massiliensis, Definitio ecclesiasticarum dogmatum

One of the Isidore codices from the Monastery of Fulda; the codex escaped destruction because it reached Basel during the 16th century, before the abduction and destruction of the library during the Thirty Years' War. There it apparently served as a possible textual source for a planned edition of Isidore’s works. The codex was produced in the first half of the 8th century in England or in an Anglo-Saxon center on the continent. It retains its 8th or 9th century binding in a parchment cover and is considered one of the most important textual witnesses of Isidore’s Differentiarum liber. (stb)

Online Since: 06/25/2015

Preview Page
Basel, Universitätsbibliothek, Le VI 12
Parchment · 2 ff. · 9 × 18 cm · Fulda · about second quarter of the 9th century
Paulinus Mediolanensis, Vita Ambrosii (Fragment)

Fragment with hagiographic content from a Carolingian manuscript that originated in Fulda and was used as manuscript waste in the Basel area in the last quarter of the 16th century. (stb)

Online Since: 10/08/2015

Preview Page
Basel, Universitätsbibliothek, N I 1:3c
Parchment · 8 ff. · 16 x 13-13,5 cm · Fulda · first quarter of the 9th century
Theodori and Theodulfus Aurelianensis ・ Ordo ad paenitentiam dandam ・ Ps. Augustinus ・ Hrabanus Maurus ・ Ambrosius Autpertus ・ Praecepta vivendi et al.

This fascicle contains the version of the Paenitentiale Theodori named for this textual witness the ‘Canones Basilienses;’ it was written by two hands from Fulda in an Anglo-Saxon minuscule of the first quarter of the 9th century. Around 1500, this quire was part of the current manuscript F III 15e‬‬‬‬. This explains the title de conflictu viciorum et virtutum on 1r, which does not fit with the content of the quire. As evidenced by the lost text at the beginning and at the end, N I 1: 3c had previously been part of another codex. (stb)

Online Since: 03/17/2016

Preview Page
Basel, Universitätsbibliothek, N I 6:14
Parchment · 1 f. · 26 x 19.6 cm · Fulda · about 910-920
Isidorus Hispalensis, Expositio in genesim (Fragment)

Probably a fragment of one of the Isidore codices from the Monastery of Fulda, which reached Basel during the 16th century, before the abduction and destruction of the library during the Thirty Years’ War. There it apparently served as a possible textual source for a planned edition of Isidore’s works. The codex was produced in Fulda around the second decade of the 10th century. In 1624 this bifolium was used as a document cover. (stb)

Online Since: 10/08/2015

Preview Page
Basel, Universitätsbibliothek, N I 6:19
Parchment · 1 f. · 21,5 x 14 cm · Fulda · second third of the 9th century
Vita Victurii Cenomanensis (Fragment)

Fragment with hagiographic content from a Carolingian manuscript that originated in Fulda. (stb)

Online Since: 10/08/2015

Preview Page
Basel, Universitätsbibliothek, N I 6:67
Parchment · 2 ff. · 22 x (13,5) cm · Fulda · first quarter of the 9th century
Salvianus, Ad ecclesiam (Fragment)

Fragment from a Salvianus manuscript, which evidently came to Basel from Fulda at the beginning of the 16th century in order to serve Johannes Sichardus in 1628 as a master copy for printing in the printshop of Henricus Petrus. The manuscript was produced in the first quarter of the 9th century in Fulda. In the second half of the 16th century it was used in Basel as manuscript waste for bindings. (stb)

Online Since: 10/08/2015

Preview Page
Basel, Universitätsbibliothek, N I 6:69
Parchment · 1 f. · 25 x 16 cm · Fulda · first half of the 9th century
Balbus gromaticus, Expositio et ratio omnium formarum (Fragment)

Fragment of an agrimensor manuscript, which evidently came to Basel from Fulda at the beginning of the 16th century in order to serve Johannes Sichardus in 1628 as a master copy for printing in the printshop of Henricus Petrus. Poggio Bracciolini should have seen it in Fulda in 1417. The manuscript was produced in the first half of the 9th century in Fulda. In the second half of the 16th century it was used in Basel as manuscript waste for bindings. The publication of this fragment by Martin Steinmann in 1992 refuted the hypothesis, held until very recently, that the manuscript Rom, Bibliotheca Apostolica Vaticana Pal. lat. 1564 had been the model for Sichardus. (stb)

Online Since: 10/08/2015

Preview Page
Bern, Burgerbibliothek, Cod. 234
Parchment · 69 ff. · 29.5 x 21.5 cm · Fulda / Reims (?) · second quarter of the 9th century and first third of the 9th century
Cassiodorus, Augustinus, Alcuinus, Audax Grammaticus

This 9th century manuscript is dedicated to the Artes; it consists of two parts, the first of which was written in Fulda around the second quarter of the 9th century. It contains the second book of Cassiodorus’ Institutiones, which is devoted to secular knowledge; since the 9th century, it has been preserved in several manuscripts in an interpolated version that contains Cassiodorus’ remarks on grammar, rhetoric, dialectic, arithmetic, music, geometry and astronomy, supplemented with excerpts from Quintilian, Boethius, Augustine and others. The second part was created a little earlier or simultaneously during the first third of the 9th century in Western France; it contains Alcuin’s Dialectica and excerpts from Audax Grammaticus. The two parts were already combined in the 9th century and were held in France. (stb)

Online Since: 09/23/2014

Preview Page
Bern, Burgerbibliothek, Cod. 720.1
Parchment · 2 ff. · 33 x 22 cm · France/Germany (?) · 10th / 11th century
Annales Fuldenses (fragment)

10th/11th century fragment of unknown origin, containing parts of the Mainz continuation (up to the year 887) of the so-called Annales Fuldenses with entries for the years 871, 872 and 876. Based on the reading of the text, this exemplar belongs to a group of manuscripts that also contain the so-called Bavarian continuation of the Annals for the years 882 to 901. (stb)

Online Since: 09/23/2014

Preview Page
Bern, Burgerbibliothek, Cod. 722.3
Parchment · 2 ff. · 21.5 x 17.5 cm · Fulda · second quarter of the 9th century
Cetius Faventinus: Artis architectonicae privatis usibus adbreviatus liber (fragment)

Fragment of a manuscript that originated in Fulda around the second quarter of the 9th century, containing Cetius Faventinus’ (late 3rd/early 4th century) extracts from Vitruvius’ De Architectura. It cannot be determined when the codex left Fulda. Two Fulda library catalogs from the beginning and the middle of the 16th century still list a Faventinus manuscript. (stb)

Online Since: 09/23/2014

Preview Page
Lausanne, Bibliothèque cantonale et universitaire de Lausanne, Ms 398
Parchment · 1 f. · ca. 14.5 x 18.5 · Fulda · ca. 830
Iordanes Gothus, De origine actibusque Getarum (Fragment)

Along with Heidelberg, Universitätsbibliothek Pal. lat. 921, this fragment from the Fulda Abbey Scriptorium constitutes one of two documented manuscripts of the Getica by Jordanes, written in a (continental) Anglo-Saxon minuscule; it is not, however, a part of the last leaf of Pal. lat. 921, which has been missing since the beginning of the 19th century. Along with Palermo, Archivio di Stato "Codice Basile" and Rome, Biblioteca Vaticana Ottob. lat. 1346, and together with Pal. lat. 920, this remnant of a leaf is among the oldest text witnesses of the Getica. It could be a part of a manuscript by Jordanes that had been attested in Fulda until the middle of the 16th century. (stb)

Online Since: 10/13/2016

Preview Page
Sarnen, Benediktinerkollegium, Fragm. I. 1
Parchment · 4 pp. · 15.5 x 10.5 cm · around 840
Liber traditionum fuldensis

This mutilated bifolium in Anglo-Saxon and Carolingian minuscule represents the sole surviving remainder of the Thuringia-cartulary of Fulda. It was part of the eight volume cartulary of the Monastery of Fulda, arranged by region, which was compiled under Hrabanus-Maurus in the second quarter of the 9th century. In addition to a complete volume in the state archives of Marburg (K 424), evidence for the entire work comes from various fragments in the municipal archives of Leutkirch in the Allgäu and in the university library of Tübingen (Mm I 7). (stb)

Online Since: 10/08/2015

Documents: 19