Select manuscript from this collection: Cod. Bodmer 1  Cod. Bodmer 176 Cod. Bodmer 181  V-7.2  159/207

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Fondation Martin Bodmer
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Owned By
Private Foundation
Cod. Bodmer 177
Manuscript Title:
Manuscript Title
Gariopontus of Salerno, Passionarius
Parchment · 109 ff. · 23.7 x 16.4 cm · Northern Italy · beginning of the 12th century
Manuscript Summary:
Manuscript Summary
This medical handbook by Gariopontus, who flourished in the mid-11th century in Salerno, systematically assembled in head-to-foot order writings already long known in the Latin speaking world (Galen’s Ad Glauconem de medendi methodo I-II with a Liber tercius by a pseudo-Galen, the Aurelius and Esculapius derived ultimately from the texts of Soranus of Ephesus, and an extract from the Therapeutica by Alexander of Tralles) in seven books. The work exercised a strong influence on the School of Salerno. It survives in more than 65 manuscripts, and three print issues were produced as early as the 16th century. The Bodmer manuscript from the early 12th century, like many other versions of this text, features numerous glosses. (gla)
Standard description:
Standard description
Pellegrin Elisabeth, Manuscrits Latins de la Bodmeriana, Cologny-Genève 1982, pp. 420-422.
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DOI (Digital Object Identifier):
DOI (Digital Object Identifier
10.5076/e-codices-cb-0177 (
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Cologny, Fondation Martin Bodmer, Cod. Bodmer 177: Gariopontus of Salerno, Passionarius (
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Document Type:
Document Type
12th century
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fglaze · 10/10/2013, 18:56:35

Manzanero Cano, in his difficult-to-access Madrid dissertation, investigates the origins of the Liber Esculapii, one of Gariopontus's chief source texts. He concludes that the Liber Esculapii was produced s. VI ex.-VII in., probably in N. Italy, by one who knew both medicine and Greek, and apparently for pedagogical purposes. He argues the Liber Esculapii itself is a compilation of materials from various sectarian schools of thought, including Caelius Aurelianus (Methodism), derivative Dogmatist ideas, and possibly some versions of Galenic and Hippocratic sources in Latin form. He considers whether the same compiler might also have produced the Liber Aurelii. In analyzing his stemma, Manzanero Cano contests some arguments in Pierre Schmid's 1942 thesis on Caelius Aurelianus regarding the age, quality and family of the manuscripts Gariopontus appears to have utilized. He suggests that Gariopontus utilized a Liber Esculapii (possibly 2 manuscripts) that was closer to his stemma's Group γ, subgroup η than to subgroup ζ.

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Fischer, Klaus-Dietrich. "Der pseudogalenische Liber tertius" and "Galeni qui fertur Ad Glauconem liber tertius ad fidem codicis Vindocinensis 109," in: Galenismo e Medicina tardoantica. Fonti greche, latine e arabe. Atti del Seminario Internazionale di Siena 2002, a cura di Ivan Garofalo e Amneris Roselli, Napoli 2003 (Annali dell’Istituto Universitario Orientale di Napoli. Quaderni, 7), pages 101-132, and 283-346.

Manzanero Cano, Francisco. “Liber Esculapii (Anonymus Liber Chroniorum): edición crítica y estudio.” Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation. Universidad Complutense de Madrid, 1996.

d’Andiran Gérald, La médecine ancienne, du corps aux étoiles, sous la direction de Gérald d’Andiran, avec la collaboration de Vincent Barras, Charles Méla, Sylviane Messerli, Elisabeth Macheret-Van Daele, Fondation Martin Bodmer, Presses Universitaires de France, Cologny (Genève), Paris, 2010.

Glaze Florence Eliza, "Gariopontus and the Salernitans : Textual Traditions in the eleventh and twelfth Centuries", in La Collectio Salernitana di Salvatore De Renzi, sous la direction de Danielle Jacquart et Agostino Paravicini Bagliani, Edizione Nazionale La Scuola Medica Salernitana, Sismel Galuzzo, Florence, 2008.

fglaze · 10/10/2013, 18:59:55

See now updates on source texts under "Annotations," based upon Francisco Manzanero Cano's doctoral thesis.

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