The following descriptions are available for this manuscript

  • Scherrer Gustav, Verzeichniss der Handschriften der Stiftsbibliothek von St. Gallen, Halle 1875, S. 76-77.
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  • Lowe Elias Avery, Codices Latini Antiquiores. A palaeographical guide to latin manuscripts prior to the ninth century. Part VII: Switzerland, Oxford 1956 (Osnabrück 1982), p. 25.
    (Additional description, currently displayed)
St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 213
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Lowe Elias Avery, Codices Latini Antiquiores. A palaeographical guide to latin manuscripts prior to the ninth century. Part VII: Switzerland, Oxford 1956 (Osnabrück 1982), p. 25.

Manuscript title: Gregorius M., Dialogi; Ps.-Augustinus, Sermones; etc.
Date of origin: Saec. VIII med.
Extent: 184 pp.
Format: ca. 265 x ca. 180 mm; ca. 265 x ca. 180 mm.
Palimpsest, two scripts.
Codicological unit: Palimpsest, secondary script.
Manuscript title: Gregorius M., Dialogi; Ps.-Augustinus, Sermones; etc.
Place of origin: Written probably at St. Gall.
Date of origin: Saec. VIII med.
Support: Parchment mostly defective and of poor quality.
Extent: Foll. 87
Format: Average size ca. 265 x ca. 180 mm.
Foliation: Paginated 5-178 (pp. 1-4 are paper fly-leaves; pp. 179/180 in parchment form the back fly-leaf and contain probationes pennae and a table of contents for the manuscript)
Collation: Gatherings of four palimpsest bifolia, arranged without method and with occasional insertions of fresh parchment; quires regularly signed in the centre of the lower margin of the last page with uncial letters set off by groups of lines on four sides.
Page layout: (ca. 195-215 x 145-150 mm.) in 33-34 long lines; Ruling before folding, on the hair- or flesh-side, presumably 4 bifolia at a time. Single bounding lines as a rule. Prickings in the outer margin guided the ruling.
Writing and hands:
  • Punctuation: the semicolon marks the main pause, the medial point lesser pauses.
  • Omissions, supplied by an eighth-century hand, are indicated by  in the text answered by  before the insertion in the lower margin (p. 19), or by signes de renvoi.
  • Abbreviations: b; (and b:), q; (and q:) = bus, que; = autem; ƀ = ber; ec̄ = ecce; ē and ·ē· = est; fr̄s = fratres; = men; = non; ni = nostri; os = omnis and omnes; ꝑ,  = per, prae; q = quod; ꞇ̄ = ter; the abbreviation-stroke is a horizontal or vertical flourish.
  • Spelling, unusually barbarous, shows confusion of c and g, e and i, o and u, d for t, ci for ti, and ss for s.
  • Script is a small, distinct pre-Caroline minuscule considered typical of Breisgau, and for the most part probably in the hand of Liutfrit, the scribe of several St. Gall charters (e.g., the charter of A.D. 754): open ɑ is the rule; the head of g is closed; i-longa is frequent initially; majuscule N occurs here and there at the beginning of words; the top of forms a loop to the left; the ro ligature is noteworthy, as it ends in a dot above the o; Ɛ is used for hard ti; the script on part of p. 173 is in manifest imitation of Insular majuscule, even to the wedge-shaped ascenders (see plate).
  • Running titles on some openings, in small uncial preceded and followed by lines and points.
  • Colophons in black uncial.
  • Headings in red or black bold uncial, occasionally daubed with red or yellow.
  • Initials in bold black or filled with red or yellow.
  • Ink dark brown.
Additions: Probationes pennae in eighth-century uncial and minuscule are seen on pp. 114 and 178.

Partly palimpsest, secondary script (for the primary script containing Lactantius' Divinae Institutiones in uncial saec. V, see next item; pp. 153 -160, 163-170, 177, 178 are ter scripti; their intermediate script showing traces of an unidentified theological text is so similar to the present uppermost script that it must have been written in the same centre only a short time before; pp. 89 f., 99 f., 109 f. ,119 f., 127 f., 131 f., 135 f., 141 f., 145 f., 149 f., 179 f. have no lower script).

Origin of the manuscript: Written probably at St. Gall, and, in the opinion of Dr. Bruckner, by Liutfrit, who wrote several St. Gall charters from 754 to 757.
Codicological unit: Palimpsest, primary script.
Manuscript title: Lactantius, Divinae Institutiones (fragm.).
Place of origin: Written presumably in Italy.
Date of origin: Saec. V.
Support: Parchment is thickish.
Extent: Foll. 77
Format: ca. 265 x ca. 180 mm.
Foliation: now paginated 5- 88, 91-98, 101-108, 111-118, 121- 126, 129 f., 133 f., 137-140, 143 f., 147 f., 151- 178 in a volume of 180 pages in all.
Collation: Gatherings of eight, with flesh-side outside, signed with Roman numerals in the lower right-hand corner of the last page.
Page layout: (200-208 x 130 mm.) in 31 long lines. Ruling before folding, on the hair-side, probably each bifolium separately. Single bounding lines. Prickings run through the center of the written area - an ancient practice.
Writing and hands:
  • No punctuation, a blank space of 2 or more letters marking sense-pauses and setting off.
  • Abbreviations seen are , Ɋ· and the normal forms of Nomina Sacra; but ꝹI and ꝹO also occur written out; sanctus is abbreviated (SC̄S) only when accompanied by SP̄S. Omission of M and N occurs at line-end and is marked by a short horizontal over and after the vowel. A larger letter begins most pages - a sign of antiquity. Ink left yellowish traces.
  • Script is an excellent early uncial; the eye of is open; N is broad; various ligatures occur at line-ends.
Decoration: Colophons, now completely faded, were apparently in red (cf. p. 6 which follows the end of Book II and appears to be blank).

Palimpsest, primary script (for the secondary script, containing Gregory's Dialogues, etc., and, in parts of the manuscript, for the intermediate script containing an unidentified theological text, both in pre-Caroline minuscule saec. VIII, see preceding item).

Origin of the manuscript: Written presumably in Italy. Rewritten with theological texts in the eighth century, presumably at St. Gall (see preceding item).