Documents: 7

Sub-project: Codices restituti Confoederationis Helveticae

June 2016

Status: In progress

Financed by: Fragmentarium. Phase II (SNF-182173)

Project Director: : Prof. Dr. Christoph Flüeler, Universität Freiburg

Description: La collection [sine loco], codices restituti comprend des manuscrits reconstitués à partir des fragments qui en ont été conservés. La condition préalable est qu’au moins l’un des fragments se trouve en Suisse et que le manuscrit original puisse être, au moins en partie, reconstruit virtuellement. Les reconstitutions sont publiées en collaboration avec le projet partenaire Fragmentarium.

All Libraries and Collections

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[sine loco], codices restituti, Cod. 1 (Codex Florus dispersus)
Papyrus and parchment · 117 ff. · 32 x 22 cm · Lyon or Luxeuil · 7th / 8th century
Augustinus Hipponensis, Epistolae et Sermones (Codex restitutus)

"Codex Florus dispersus” contains a virtual reconstruction of a manuscript of letters and sermons by Augustine. It was written by a single hand in a late 7th or early 8th century uncial script. The manuscript evidently originated in France, perhaps in Luxeuil or in Lyon. Originally the manuscript contained at least 30 quinions (at least 300 leaves), of which 117 leaves remain today. One part with 63 leaves from the original quires 4-11 is currently held in Paris (BnF, lat. 11641); after leaf 26 there could be inserted a single leaf which currently is held in St. Petersburg (NLR, Lat.F.papyr. I.1). Another part with 53 leaves from the original quires 24-30 is being held in Geneva (Bibliothèque de Genève, lat. 16). The outer leaf of each quire (quinio) is parchment, while the remaining leaves are papyrus. During the 9th century the volume was part of the library of Florus of Lyon, who added numerous marginalia to the manuscript in his own hand. "sine loco", codices restituti, Cod. 1 contains a virtual reconstruction of the surviving pieces in their original order. (flu)

Online Since: 12/15/2014

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[sine loco], codices restituti, Cod. 2 (Frowinus dispersus)
Parchment · 194 ff. · 31.5 x 23 cm · Engelberg · 1143-1178
Gregorius M., Moralia in Job., t. I (Codex restitutus)

This codex contains a virtual reconstruction of Engelberg Abbey Library’s Cod. 20 with the first volume of Gregory the Great’s Moralia in Iob. It contains the first (ff. 6r-99r) and second part (99r-193v), each divided into five books. At the front of the volume there used to be a full-page illustration consisting of an artistic portrayal of Job with his three friends (upper half) and a portrayal of Gregory the Great and a writing monk (lower half), who according to custom represents Peter the Deacon (Petrus Diaconus). This leaf with a verse of dedication by Frowin on the back, the actual recto side, was carefully described by P. Karl Stadler in his hand-written catalog of 1787; this helped to identify the membrum disiectum, which is now held by the The Cleveland Museum of Art, 1955.74 (Purchase from the J.H. Wade Fund), as unequivocally belonging to this volume. (flu)

Online Since: 12/15/2014

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[sine loco], codices restituti, Cod. 3 (Biblia Theodulfi, Fragmenta)
Parchment · ? ff. · 22-45.9 x 26.4-61 cm · Eastern France? (Bernhard Bischoff, following Schönherr) · middle of the 9th century (Schönherr)
Biblia latina (Vulgata recensione Theodulfi). Fragmenta.

Fewer than ten textual witnesses of Theodulf of Orléans’ († 821) version of the Vulgata have survived. Numerous fragments of such a 9th century Theodulf Bible from the collegiate church of St. Ursus in Solothurn, where it was cut up and used as binding material, have been preserved in the state archives of Solothurn and the central library of Solothurn. Virtual reunification of the fragments: [sine loco], codices restituti, Cod. 3 (Biblia Theodulfi Fragmenta). (hol)

Online Since: 03/19/2015

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[sine loco], codices restituti, Cod. 4 (Legendarium)
Parchment · 23 ff. · ca. 42 x 30.5 cm · Fulda · ca. 1156
Fulda Legendary

A total of 23 leaves of a Fulda Legendary that originally consisted of six volumes, commissioned in 1156 by Rugger, monk at Frauenberg Abbey in Fulda (1176-1177 abbot of Fulda as Rugger II). The main parts probably were written by Eberhard of Fulda; the book decoration as well is very reminiscent of the Codex Eberhardi (Marburg, Hessisches Staatsarchiv K 425 and K 426). Based on the numbering in the surviving indexes and at the beginning of the texts, the size of the collection can be projected to have been about 500 vitae and passions. Thus this work bears testimony to the efforts for not only the economic, but also the spiritual and cultural reform undertaken under Abbot Markward of Fulda (1150-1165); at the same time this work is the northernmost and probably the earliest of the surviving five- and six-volume 12th century legendaries from Southern Germany. Later it served as (indirect) model for the base stock of texts of the great Legendary of Böddeken, through which it remained influential for the Bollandists’ Acta Sanctorum and on into the modern times. The monumental Fulda Legendary was still used in Fulda in the middle of the 16th century by Georg Witzel (1501-1573) for his Hagiologium seu de sanctis ecclesiae (Mainz 1541) as well as for his Chorus sanctorum omnium. Zwelff Bücher Historien Aller Heiligen Gottes (Köln 1554). Fragments from the 3rd, 4th and 6th volumes are preserved in Basel, Solothurn, Nuremberg and Stuttgart. This indicates that at least the 3rd (May-June) and 6th (November-December) volumes of the legendary reached Basel, where both evidently were used as manuscript waste around 1580. (stb)

Online Since: 06/13/2019

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[sine loco], codices restituti, Cod. 5 (Biblia latina)
Parchment · 18 ff. · 15.5-46 x 10.5-33.5 · France: Tours · early 9th century
Biblia latina

Remnants of an Alcuin's Bible, written in Tours in the early 9th century; from the Dominican Monastery of Bern; around 1495 the remnants were used as pastedowns for various incunables by the bookbinder Johannes Vatter. After the secularization of the monastery in 1528, the host volumes by various paths reached the Municipal Library of Bern and various libraries in Solothurn. Around 1945, the fragments BBB Cod. 756.59 (1 leaf), Cod. 756.70 (8 leaves and 1 strip) as well as Cod. 756.71 (2 leaves) were removed from the host volumes by Johannes Lindt; today they can be found in the Burgerbibliothek Bern (BBB). Also in situ, i.e., in incunables from the University Library Bern (MUE), is a further leaf (MUE Inc. I.20) or smaller fragments (MUE Inc. IV.77). In addition, the Central Library of Solothurn holds: Cod. S 458 (pastedowns) as well as S II 151 (detached fragments). (mit/hol)

Online Since: 12/12/2019

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[sine loco], codices restituti, Cod. 6 (Concilium Ephesinum, Fragment)
Parchment · 4 ff. · ca. (22.5) × 18.5 cm · Fulda · 2nd third of the 9th century
Concilium Ephesinum (fragment)

Two successive bifolia of a Fulda manuscript from the 2nd third of the 9th century with the so-called Collectio Veronensis of the acts of the Third Ecumenical Council of Ephesus in 431. The codex was obviously used as waste paper in modern times in Switzerland. When and by what route it reached Switzerland from Fulda cannot be determined; however, it may have arrived there, like a number of other Fulda manuscripts, in the first half of the 16th century as a potential text source for prints by Basel print shops. (stb)

Online Since: 06/18/2020

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Basel, Universitätsbibliothek, Codex restitutus 1
Parchment · 8 + 55 ff. · 16-26 x 13.5-17 cm · Fulda · 9th century
Theodori and Theodulfus Aurelianensis ・ Ordo ad paenitentiam dandam ・ Ps. Augustinus ・ Hrabanus Maurus ・ Ambrosius Autpertus ・ Praecepta vivendi et al.

This codex contains a virtual reconstruction of a manuscript of F III 15e and N I 1: 3c. In conjunction with the digitization and description of this two manuscripts it became possible to establish that around 1500 N I 1: 3c‬‬‬ had been part of F III 15e‬‬‬ as its first quire. This explains the title De conflictu viciorum et virtutum N I 1: 3c, 1r, which makes sense only in the context of the entire codex. As shown by the lost text at the beginning and at the end, N I 1: 3c‬‬ had previously already been part of another codex. The original codex reached Basel in the 16th century; there N I 1: 3c‬ was separated prior to 1643. (stb)

Online Since: 03/17/2016

Documents: 7